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It is requested, but not required, that you contact the authors of the Document well before redistributing any large number of copies, to give them a chance to provide you with an updated version of the Document. You may copy and distribute a Modified Version of the Document under the conditions of sections 2 and 3 above, provided that you release the Modified Version under precisely this License, with the Modified Version filling the role of the Document, thus licensing distribution and modification of the Modified Version to whoever possesses a copy of it.

In addition, you must do these things in the Modified Version:. If the Modified Version includes new front-matter sections or appendices that qualify as Secondary Sections and contain no material copied from the Document, you may at your option designate some or all of these sections as invariant. These titles must be distinct from any other section titles. Only one passage of Front-Cover Text and one of Back-Cover Text may be added by or through arrangements made by any one entity. If the Document already includes a cover text for the same cover, previously added by you or by arrangement made by the same entity you are acting on behalf of, you may not add another; but you may replace the old one, on explicit permission from the previous publisher that added the old one.

The author s and publisher s of the Document do not by this License give permission to use their names for publicity for or to assert or imply endorsement of any Modified Version. You may combine the Document with other documents released under this License, under the terms defined in section 4 above for modified versions, provided that you include in the combination all of the Invariant Sections of all of the original documents, unmodified, and list them all as Invariant Sections of your combined work in its license notice, and that you preserve all their Warranty Disclaimers.

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Replacing Invariant Sections with translations requires special permission from their copyright holders, but you may include translations of some or all Invariant Sections in addition to the original versions of these Invariant Sections. You may include a translation of this License, and all the license notices in the Document, and any Warranty Disclaimers, provided that you also include the original English version of this License and the original versions of those notices and disclaimers.

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Each version of the License is given a distinguishing version number. If the Document does not specify a version number of this License, you may choose any version ever published not as a draft by the Free Software Foundation. A public wiki that anybody can edit is an example of such a server. To use this License in a document you have written, include a copy of the License in the document and put the following copyright and license notices just after the title page:. If you have Invariant Sections without Cover Texts, or some other combination of the three, merge those two alternatives to suit the situation.

If your document contains nontrivial examples of program code, we recommend releasing these examples in parallel under your choice of free software license, such as the GNU General Public License, to permit their use in free software. Archivo 1 de la lista de usuarios Archivo 2. Archivo 1 de la lista info Archivo 2. Archivo 1 de la lista devel Archivo 2.

Archivo 1 de la lista bug Archivo 2. Nota: Antes de enviar un mensaje a la lista de fallos, lea nuestras indicaciones para elaborar Informes de fallos. In order to be automatically notified about any activity on the tracker issue, you may subscribe by clicking the envelope symbol next to the issue title. Commenting and subscribing require being logged in with a sourceforge account. Comience leyendo el Resumen para desarrolladores con experiencia. El proyecto LilyPond no organiza estas tareas; ni refrendamos ni disuadimos de tales acuerdos.

Cualquier contrato privado entre personas individuales es asunto de dichas personas, no nuestro. Existen dos conjuntos de lanzamientos para LilyPond: lanzamientos estables, y lanzamientos inestables de desarrollo. Windows: LilyPond 2. El desarrollo de LilyPond es un asunto bastante complicado. Nota: Estos manuales son para LilyPond 2. GSoC is a global program that offers students stipends to write code for free software and open source projects during the summer.

The program is an excellent opportunity for students to gain experience with real-world software development and make a contribution that benefits everyone. It brings new contributors to LilyPond and enables students who are already involved to become more involved. We have had GSoC participants in , , and This site is current for the program. There are a number of areas where LilyPond could be improved, and our development team is always willing to help those who would like to tackle a project similar to those listed below. As mentor availability varies from project to project and from year to year it is wise to get in touch with us as early as possible.

We aim at assigning one Community Mentor to each active project who is not responsible for discussing the implementation or reviewing the code. Instead they will on the one hand discuss the design of the planned features from the power user perspective, and they will look after the communication between student and mentor, and between the two and the community. A full list of all the current open issues can be found here. For several years now a new standard for music fonts has been around: SMuFL , which is also discussed as becoming part of a future W3C standard for music encoding.

Adopting SMuFL will help integrating LilyPond with the world of music notation software and eventually give LilyPond users access to a wider selection of notation fonts. Recommended : Interest and experience in working with font files. There is experimental support for exporting scores to MusicXML. So far there is limited coverage that should be extended, and the export should become more robust with regard to unconventionally organized input files.

Several strategies can be thought of in that regard. Significant progress in coverage has been made in a GSoC Project hosted by Frescobaldi in , but there is still much to be done that could make a nice GSoC project.

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Working in this project will mainly be done in the python-ly repository. After many years without development an initial effort has started to make the extension compatible again with current versions of LibreOffice and LilyPond. However, as the LibreOffice ecosystem has changed substantially it is now possible to rewrite the extension with Python and PyQt.

This will not only be more powerful in general but will allow the integration of functionality from Frescobaldi , such as for example syntax highlighting, entry helpers, score wizards or musical transformations. Recommended knowledge: Familiarity with Frescobaldi code based or willingness to learn during bonding period.

Subdivision is an important way to improve the readability of beamed music. However, despite several attempts at fixing it LilyPond still does not always produce correct results. In order to properly fix this issue it seems necessary to rewrite the responsible code from the ground up. Much work has already been done assessing the issue see this discussion and this work-in-progress document. Work can be built upon the existing notation-fonts openLilyLib package. LilyPond is very good at creating non-standard notation. Having to code every graphical element instead of simply drawing it may seem cumbersome but is in fact a strong asset.

New notational functionality can be provided with consistent appearance, automatic layout and a natural syntactic interface. Within the openLilyLib library system the student will create a fundamental infrastructure and building blocks to make creating contemporary notation easier. Additionally at least one concrete package is developed to cover specific contemporary notation, such as for example the style of a given composer, extended playing techniques for a specific instrument or a certain category of effects.

Requirements: Scheme interaction with LilyPond internals , contemporary notation techniques. The scholarLY extension package provides a powerful infrastructure for scholarly editions. With this package it is possible to encode annotations, to export them for critical reports, or to produce editorial highlighting in the score e. As a GSoC project substantial enhancements can be made to the package. Our suggestion is an infrastructure to encode variants alternative readings, corrections, regularizations , as outlined in this issue.

It could naturally be extended by the ability to produce music examples from annotations, to be used in footnotes or reports. LilyPond can produce such a sequence of files, and it can be made aware of the moments of each line break. That way only systems have to be recompiled that are affected by a modification, thus saving significant waiting times. The project is fairly complex and has many more aspects than could be listed on this page. So if you are interested in this please get in touch with us as early as possible to evaluate options and discuss the topics before you write an application.

In order to have a satisfying experience with GSoC applicants are strongly advised to thoroughly read the following recommendations. Some of these are relevant for the application process, others for the time within the project. We list projects there that are still considered valuable but for which there are currently no mentors available.

We are happy to announce the release of LilyPond 2. This release is a further pre-release test version for the upcoming stable 2. If you require a stable version of LilyPond, we recommend using the 2. LilyPond is a music engraving program devoted to producing the highest-quality sheet music possible. It brings the aesthetics of traditionally engraved music to computer printouts. This version provides a number of updates to 2. We recommend all users to upgrade to this version. We hope they produce great results and stay in the developer community afterwards.

Nathan will tackle an annoying limitation, namely the unability of spanners to cross voices. His work will make a class of ugly workarounds obsolete. Jeffery will bring the ScholarLY package[1] to production quality and add a LaTeX package to it, making it possible to create beautiful critical reports from data encoded directly in the LilyPond score. Great thanks go to the large number of LilyPond enthusiasts whose financial backing enabled one core developer, David Kastrup, to focus exclusively on LilyPond during the entire development cycle.

Gracias a los desarrolladores, colaboradores, cazadores de fallos y aportadores de sugerencias por v2. It is very powerful and promising, but to really get off the ground two features are missing: automated testing and documentation generation. This documentation has to be generated from the sources, so a system is needed that requires package authors to document the input files and provide additional usage examples, from which documentation is generated. Ideally but not necessarily this is implemented as a Git hook, i.

In general it is advisable to make use of proven concepts and tools from other languages. But it would be beneficial if the tool would first generate an intermediate representation e. Requirements: Python or Scheme, static website generator s or Node. Continuous Integration can be learned during the bonding period. To import MusicXML it has to be converted manually by the musicxml2ly script. Importing XML shall provide file, line and column to add origin attributes to generated objects. That way point and click can be made available in Frescobaldi or other supported IDEs.

It should be checked if it is possible to use another XML library than the one provided by guile-2 in order to have this feature available in current LilyPond which is based on guile The engraving quality of slurs and ties is often unsatisfactory. The project could include collecting and sorting examples of bad output, deciding on the intended output and writing code to improve them.

Fix problems with synchronization of grace notes. This is one of the longest-standing and one of the more embarrassing bugs in LilyPond. For regular, cross-staff, broken and kneed beams. Beaming should depend on context and neighbor notes see section 2. If possible also reduce beaming-computation time. Cleaning up warnings would allow us to automate the rejection of any patch which introduced extra warnings. This release is a pre-release test version for the upcoming stable 2. This release includes a number of enhancements, and contains some work in progress.

You will have access to the very latest features, but some may be incomplete, and you may encounter bugs and crashes. At long last, we are very happy to announce the release of LilyPond 2. We would like to acknowledge and thank Masamichi Hosoda for making this release possible with his work on updating GUB, the build tool. The ceremony took place at the Frankfurt Musikmesse.

We congratulate Janek and Urs for gaining such public recognition of typographical and editorial excellence of their work. We are also delighted to inform you that they intend to make their work available under a Free license as soon as the publisher expenses are covered.

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Please support this initiative by buying the printed volume through the publisher [3]. The manuals are now for 2. There will be a further release of 2. To summarise the current situation: stable LilyPond application: 2. The developers believe this to be feature-complete, the documentation to be accurate, and no important issues to be overlooked. For upgrading the syntax of your input files to the latest version, see Updating files with convert-ly. Please test this release and report back any problems, see Bug reports.

The developers believe the release to be feature-complete, the documentation to be accurate, and no important issues to be overlooked. The developers are still busy finding solutions for some last-minute problems, but the release is supposed to be feature-complete, the documentation to be accurate, and no important issues to be overlooked. This release contains the usual number of bugfixes and enhancements, and contains some work in progress. This update cures the issue with the Windows version crashing with a problem with positioning text. You can find it at lilypondblog. This release contains the usual number of bugfixes including putting span bars back where they should be and enhancements, and contains some work in progress.

This release is mainly to correct a problem with lilypond-book running on Windows. We recommend that only people requiring this functionality upgrade to this version. Of course, there are also some musings on LilyPond triggered by the release of 2. There are also two monthly financial reports from David Kastrup whose work on LilyPond is solely paid for by financial contributions from other developer and users thank you!

Come read LilyPond Report 28 now; comments and contributions are warmly encouraged! This has a number of updates to the previous stable version, and should cause no problems. We recommend that everybody upgrade to this version. This release contains the usual number of bugfixes. It is strongly recommended that normal users do not use this release, and instead use the stable 2. LilyPond is a music engraving program, devoted to producing the highest-quality sheet music possible. Many improvements have been made in the past year since the previous main stable version. A few major improvements are:.

We are excited to announce the release of LilyPond 2. With this release, development on version 2. All users are urged to try this version to ensure the best quality of the upcoming stable release. If you discover any problems, please send us Informes de fallos. New features since 2. Please note that due to a few Critical bugs, this is not the next release candidate. Also to be found in this issue are an overview of some lesser-known LilyPond companion projects, and a handful of more shallow factoids.

Come read LilyPond Report 27 now; comments and contributions are warmly encouraged! We have discovered a regression since 2. However, please continue testing it — we would like to discover and fix! LilyPond 2. All users are invited to experiment with this version. There are no known Critical issues with this release. If no Critical bugs are found, then the official 2. The LilyPond Report is back, with a new editor on board - Pavel Roskin, who tells us about his adventures in strange lands of compiler bugs!

There is also a detailed report about current development status, and an analysis of example LilyPond output - see for yourself how close or how far? Come read LilyPond Report 26 now; comments and contributions are warmly encouraged! Being a part of GNU project , we are participating in Google Summer of Code program , which offers students stipends for working on open source software. He will be working on advanced lyrics positioning in LilyPond.

Also included in this issue are quite a few unexpected items, including but not limited to … a cooking recipe! Come read LilyPond Report 25 now; comments and contributions are warmly encouraged! A new issue of the LilyPond Report is now available for reading; topics include a request for funding, an article about exciting new features in LilyPond grammar, and an overview of LilyPond-based web applications. Come read LilyPond Report 24 now; comments and contributions are warmly encouraged!

Come read LilyPond Report 23 now; comments and contributions are warmly encouraged! Please note that due to the possibility of a few Critical bugs, this is not the next release candidate. Please note that due to a few outstanding Critical bugs, this is not the next release candidate. This release contains the usual number of bugfixes, and also adds support for MacOS X This fixes a few minor bugs in the stable version, and should cause no problems.

This is the beginning of a new unstable development effort, and adds the usual number of bugs. Many improvements have been made in the past two and a half years since the previous main stable version. James E. Please note that this is not the next release candidate, due to a few remaining Critical bugs. Linux Magazine publishes an article in the May issue titled Projects on the Move. Please note that this is not the fourth release candidate, due to a few remaining Critical bugs.

Please note that this is not the third release candidate, due to a few remaining Critical bugs. Please note that this is not the third release candidate. Due to a number of untested changes to our build process, we cannot be at all confident about the quality of this release. It is a work in progress but they are fully functional.

That makes ten languages to choose from! However, a number of critical issues still remain, so this release is intended for developers only. Users are invited to experiment with this version. There is still one Critical problem with this release: in one case, the vertical spacing is much too compressed. If you decide to test this version, do not be surprised to discover problems; just send us polite Informes de fallos.

Please note that this is not the second beta test. There are still some Critical problems with this release: the vertical spacing is suspicious in two cases, and lilypond can crash with some odd input. If you decide to test 2. To be found in this issue is an up-to-date, complete list of all LilyPond mailing lists and forums around the world. Come read LilyPond Report 22 now; comments and contributions are warmly encouraged! Please note that this is not the third alpha test. This issue mainly deals with microtonal notation in LilyPond, but does also include a how-to about running LilyPond from an USB key, not to forget the regular release news, the bug report of the Report, and some news from the frog pond!

Come read LilyPond Report 21 now; comments and contributions are warmly encouraged! Three known regressions against 2. One known regression against 2. This issue contains a review of an online notation editor using lilypond, along with the regular release news, snippet of the report, news from the frog pond, and the bug report of the report!

Come read LilyPond Report 20 now; comments and contributions are warmly encouraged! This issue contains some conference news, along with the regular release news, snippet of the report, news from the frog pond, and the bug report of the report! Come read LilyPond Report 19 now; comments and contributions are warmly encouraged!

This release includes some major untested changes to the windows lilypad editor. Windows users should not be using this release because it is intended for developers only, but you ignore these warnings and try it anyway, use extra caution. For the next 24 hours, the new website will be the default website; after that, we will switch back to the old website while we examine feedback and make improvements to the new website.

Please send feedback to lilypond-user ; you can find more information on our page about Contacto. Nota: There are a few known problems with translations. This release should be of particular interest to package maintainers: we have made a few changes to the configure script and the required libraries. Barring any urgent bug reports, this is the build system and libraries that will be used for the next stable release. This issue will be filled with emotion and coolness, paper bags and zigzag-ending staves, plus the usual Frogs and Bugs.

Come read LilyPond Report 18 now; comments and contributions are warmly encouraged!

As always, see the Changes document for more information. However, 11 critical issues still remain, so this release is intended for developers only. This release contains the usual number of bugfixes, along with improved website translations. However, 14 critical issues still remain, so this release is intended for developers only. This release includes bugfixes for 4 critical issues. However, 15 critical issues still remain, so this release is intended for developers only.

This release is intended for developers only, and includes the usual round of bugfixes. This release is intended for developers only, and includes a few updates to the binary build process in addition to the usual round of bugfixes. Yay, the Report is back, with a new team! It has been said that two heads are better than one — does it apply to newsletters as well?

Read on and let us know! What are you waiting for? Come read LilyPond Report 17 now! This release is intended for developers only, and includes a large translation update in addition to the usual round of bugfixes. This release is intended for developers only, and fixes various problems with documentation build system as well as adding an output-preview-framework for our SVG backend.

In addition, the binaries are now approximately 6 megabytes smaller. This release is intended for developers only, and brings a number of improvements such as predictable regression test output filenames and English names for feta filenames. In addition to the GUI fixes, this version contains dozens of bugfixes backported from the unstable development version. We recommend that all users upgrade to this version.

This is the last planned release in the 2. From 2. In addition to the usual round of bugfixes, this release adds a shortcut for repeated chords. Please note that 2. As you can see, we have a new website design. Many thanks to texi2html and CSS for being so flexible! The LilyPond Report is back! This short, informal opinion column is about the LilyPond project: its team, its world, its community. Read issue 16 now! This unstable release contains working menus in OSX This release also contains numerous other bugfixes and features such as ties with variable thickness, partially dashed slurs, and eyeglasses.

We are planning another 2. Normal users may wish to wait for this release rather than using an unstable release. Cambios , Desarrollo. The LilyPond Report is a short, informal opinion column about the LilyPond project: its team, its world, its community. Follow this link to read the full issue The LilyPond Report is back, on a new website! This short, informal, weekly opinion column is about the LilyPond project: its team, its world, its community.

As a very belated announcement, the stable version of LilyPond is now 2. A new stable release of LilyPond is available. Announcement , Cambios , Descarga. This release has improvements to MusicXML import, contributed by Reinhold Kainhofer, and adds support for splitting a book in several book parts, contributed by Nicolas Sceaux. Nested contexts of the same type are now allowed with any depth, and overriding nested properties can be done with list syntax, thanks to Neil Puttock. This is hopefully the last Release Candidate before stable release 2.

Bugfixes , Cambios , Descargas antiguas. MusicXML import has been improved, including church modes support, and a few bugs in the compilation and documentation building processes are fixed. The three documentation manuals are now fully translated in Spanish, thanks to Francisco Vila. The font cache problem in Windows binaries which used to cause excessive slowness should be fixed. Cambios , Descargas antiguas. This release has lots of updates to the documentation and translations.

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Descargas antiguas. This is is one of the last releases before 2. Bugfixes , Descargas antiguas. It has updates to documentation translations, and a new automatic accidentals style teaching has been added. A new style of double repeat bar line has been added, and printallheaders variable in score block has been renamed to print-all-headers. Release 2. LilyPond now uses 64 bit integers for rational numbers, which allows typesetting more complex polymetric music.

This release also has updates to German and Spanish translations of the documentation. This release is also special, as it includes code which supports more flexible automatic accidentals rules, written several months ago by Rune Zedeler, deceased since then. All the development team express their condolences to his family and his friends. Besides this, automatic beaming has been improved by Carl Sorensen, support for creating stem flags in a new style has been contributed by Reinhold Kainhofer, and a few bugs have been fixed.

This release adds support for harp pedal diagrams, contributed by Reinhold Kainhofer, and some changes in markup command names have been made. This release features transposable fret diagrams, contributed by Carl Sorensen. Translations status pages are now available from the documentation start page. This release fixes a bug in tie formatting following a line break, and changes the behavior of short-indent so that short instrument names are no longer indented in the margin. This release fixes a lot of bugs. Fret diagrams formatting has been improved by Carl Sorensen, it is now controlled by fret-diagram-details property.

It fixes a number of bugs, including bugs in beams formatting. Welcome to this special tenth issue of the LilyPond Report , entirely dedicated to Algorithmic Composition systems. This release also fixes regression tests maintenance for developers. Support for slur-shaped arpeggios has been added. A RSS feed is now available on lilypond. It contains all news announced on the web site start page: releases, LilyPond report, new translations of the site and publications.

Feed URL. The info mailing list see Contacto is still used to announce releases and special events. Welcome to this ninth issue of the LilyPond Report! Support for enclosing text in a rounded box has been contributed by Valentin Villenave. Support for figured bass and chord names has been added to the MusicXML converter. It fixes a couple of formatting bugs, and the font cache problem with MS-Windows binaries which caused excessive slowness has been fixed. It fixes some formatting and spacing bugs. In three articles, Andrew Hawryluk compares Finale and LilyPond in general terms, and evaluates in detail engraving capabilities of both pieces of software.

Read the articles. It has a few bugfixes, and documentation changes. Bugfixes 2. It has more bugfixes, updates for MusicXML import and lots of updates for the translations. It has various bugfixes among others in the new spacing code, MusicXML import and lots of updates for the translations. Download the installer and do sh lilypond In addition, it fixes a number of bugs. This has lots of bugfixes. This release has updates of the dot collision code. This release has some documentation updates. This release fixes many bugs. This release fixes still more bugs, and included singing support through festival contributed by Milan Zamazal.

This release fixes still more bugs. This release will stretch piano staves on a system-by-system basis and add a few glyphs: a black harmonic note head and the slashed mirrored flat. This release has a rewrite of the line-spanner code, responsible for among other glissandi and text-crescendos, making them more flexible. This release fixes a few minor but irritating bugs. In addition, the 2. This release fixes lots of bugs. In particular, the tie formatting has been further improved, and memory usage has been improved enormously.

This release mirrors 2. Notably, it has the same memory usage improvements. This release mostly has the same fixes as 2.

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This release has further fixes for popular bugs. Some fat has also been trimmed of the skyline code performance. This brought to light several problems that were fixed. Notably, 2. This release fixes several popular bugs, among others: MIDI files that go silent after de crescendi, and tuplets problems with quoting and part-combining. This release has a couple of bugfixes, and —in 2. With even more bugfixes! This release supports arbitrary fractional alterations, allowing music with different microtonal conventions to be typeset. These releases complete the translation infrastructure for Documentation.

The vertical spacing improvements that were introduced in 2. This release has graphical test results and several website build improvements. This release fixes several bugs. Version 2. This release supports glissandi and harmonics in tablature. This release has improved support for horizontal spacing.

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This release has improved support for vertical spacing. Announcement , Cambios , Descargas antiguas. LilyPond development has moved over its source code to GIT , the fast version control system. Check out our repository at gnu. This release has many more bugfixes. This release has a new FretBoards context, and some further bugfixes. The last months, Erik Sandberg has been overhauling the internals of Lily. This change introduces a new intermediate format, Music Streams, which will make it easier get music data out of LilyPond. A copy of the thesis is now available from lilypond.

This release has further bugfixes. This release has support for right hand guitar fingerings, and offers some bugfixes. Cambios , Bugfixes , Descargas antiguas. This release cuts fragments of EPS directly from your finished score, and makes it easier to insert ties into lyrics. Test this release candidate for LilyPond 2. In this release, chords may be partially tied and lyric extenders have tunable padding. Moreover, many bugs were fixed Cambios , Descargas antiguas.

This releases fixes many bugs in the 2. This release contains a few minor bugfixes; the source tarball is also available. This release supports instrument name changes, dotted barlines and better spacing for floating grace notes. In addition, it contains ongoing work by Erik Sandberg to extend the interpretation phase with stream support. This release supports doits and falls, and more tuning options for grace note spacing and tuplet brackets. This release supports pdftex for lilypond-book, and uses PdfTeX for generating manuals, so page numbers and references are now clickable.

This release wraps improvements of the last two weeks. As a new feature, it supports tunable tuplet number formatting for nested tuplets. This releases fixes a couple of bugs in 2. This releases fixes many bugs in 2. After a week of frantic tweaking, the first automated testing results are available. You can now see in full glory what features are broken in the development release. This release has new features in beam formatting: beams may now be put on single stems, and obey the beatGrouping property. MusicXML converter.

The Automated Engraving essay has been updated with material from the FISL talk, with pages on modeling notation and algorithms for esthetics. Happy reading! This release supports object rotation, hairpins with circled tips, hairpins that run to barlines before notes and improvements in the MusicXML converter. In addition, it has a lot of updates of the manual and a clean up of the spring spacer. This release has fixes for minor bugs and compilation issues. This new release has lots of updates of the manual, courtesy Graham and the contributors of the mailing.

It handles formatting for ties in arpegiated chords better feature sponsored by Steve Doonan , it has al niente hairpins, courtesy of Erlend Aasland, and some cleanups of the PostScript output, courtesy David Feuer. This release mainly fixes problems with CJK font loading. Read the release announcement. This release has even more bug fixes. Please test before 2. This is likely to be the last release candidate before we release 2.

This release has more bug fixes. Please help us by testing it! This is another release candidate for 2. It has lots of bug fixes and polishes to the documentation. It also contains support for creating ties that are only on their right side connected to note heads, which is handy for repeats feature sponsored by Steve Doonan. The documentation suite can now be downloaded as a separate tarball from lilypond.

This release has lots of bugs fixes. The plan is to release 2. This release has a bunch of bugfixes, and new features. Thicknesses of tie and slurs may be tuned separately for the endings and the middle part. This feature was sponsored by Ramana Kumar. Furthermore, in this release, we have dropped some legacy code from our library.

This release fixes a load of bugs, and has some internal cleanups. This release has the following new features. This allows vertical alignments to be stretched to fit pages in a second formatting run feature sponsored by Trevor Baca and Nicolas Sceaux. This release contains numerous small fixes that were already in our GUB binaries. In addition, it has further polish for formatting of tied chords. Theses improvements were sponsored by Steve Doonan. The fourth release of our Grand Unified Binary for 2.

This release uses Pango 1. The third release of our Grand Unified Binaries is available. This release fixes external font-support, the decompression flag for Linux. Also, we have support for FreeBSD as well! Jump to the Descargas antiguas get them! Starting with 2. This release allows you to switch staff lines on and off individually feature sponsored by Andrea Valle. It is a in-depth but hands-on feature article with crisp LilyPond graphics. The Development team has been working around the clock to improve to fix the first wave bugs reported by you.

Let us know how you fare! A happy from the LilyPond Development Team! This release has various bugfixes. Also, stems on the center line now have their directions interpolated to minimize the number of direction changes feature sponsored by Basil Crow and Mike Rolish. This release fixes a couple of bugs, but more importantly, slurs now avoid TupletNumbers, and tuplet numbers may enter the staff feature sponsored by Trent Johnston , tuplet brackets and numbers are implemented as separate grobs, TupletBracket and TupletNumber rewrite sponsored by Trent Johnston , string arguments for music functions may be specified without marks.

This release has better support for MusicXML: it also supports ties, beams and editorial accidentals. It also has more options for spacing Lyrics; it is now possible to separately specify minimum distances for normal and hyphenated syllables. These features were sponsored by Mark van den Borre and Bertalan Fodor. Saint Nicholas brings you The convertor is basic, but working. This release contains the following improvements: Texts set in a TrueType font are now kerned. Using the TeX no longer requires linking or dynamically opening the kpathsea library, making the backend more easily usable on various systems feature sponsored by Christian Ebert of Black Trash Productions.

This release updates the bugreporting address and reorganizes the documentation tree. This version contains a few bugfixes, and now allows the type of brackets in system start bracket hierarchies to be specified. Also, the horizontal alignment of rehearsal marks may be changed: marks can be put on key signatures, clefs, time signatures, etc. This version features nestable system start delimiters, like bracket, brace. It also adds "square" line bracket feature sponsored by Trevor Baca. It also has refactored routines for tie formatting.

This will make it easier to get better tie formatting for chords feature sponsored by Steve Doonan. It also has a few bug fixes. This version has refactored routines for tie formatting. This release fixes a large number of bugs. Please upgrade before reporting bugs in the 2. This release has another massive cleanup of the backend. Each grob property may also be a "grob closure". This means that it is possible to combine functions. This release has more cleanup in the layout-engine.

Now, properties that have Procedure values are thought to be procedures that compute said property, i. This release features slashed numerals, plus signs and interruptible extender lines for figured bass. Merging of Figured bass lines has been made switchable with the figuredBassCenterContinuations property. This is major internal cleanup, which also provides advanced tweakability for power users. This release fixes a few minor problems with the stable series. It features more annotations for the page layout engine and some more sponsored features. Beamlets may stick out of the side of beams feature sponsored by Trevor Baca ; new support for figured bass with support for continuation lines and tuning of figures, brackets, and alignments feature sponsored by Trent Johnston ; vertical alignments of staves can now be tuned easily for individual systems feature sponsored by Nicolas Sceaux.

Vertical spacing for page layout can now be tuned for each system individually feature sponsored by Trevor Baca and Nicolas Sceaux. The slope of a stem-tremolo may be set manually feature sponsored by Sven Axelsson. There are a number of cleanups in the handling and representation of systems, among other features and bug fixes. This feature was sponsored by Henrik Frisk. It also has a couple of minor bugfixes. This is mainly a bugfix release. This release has support for right-to-left text formatting in markup commands sponsored by Aaron Mehl. In addition, it fixes a great number of bugs, among others, support for writing MIDI files.

This release adds support for numbered percent repeats, a feature sponsored by Yoshinobu Ishizaki. It also has bugfixes for clashes between slurs and symbols, like fingers dynamic signs. Lily 2. This release has a few bugfixes, among them: the autopackage will run in more platforms, LilyPond will be much quicker for large lilypond-book documents, and the up and down Fa note heads for shaped heads have been swapped.

Get up and running in minutes! Pango text formatting lets you print Unicode lyrics in your favorite script and font. Create SVG files, and edit them in Inkscape. Announcement , Descargas antiguas , Cambios. This version fixes a few minor bugs found in 2. It has support for paragraph text and pitched trill notation.

It has a few very minor bugfixes, and a rewrite of the TTF embedding code, which should be a lot more robust now. Nous travaillons sur la traduction des pages encore non traduites. Bon surf! This release has a few bugfixes. This is hopefully the last Release Candidate before 2. Give it a good shake to find those last bugs!

In this release the documentation also has pictures. In addition, the Mac version can also read native mac fonts. It has a big bunch of minor bugfixes. This is another release candidate for version 2. Please send a bug report if you find a critical problem with this release. There are now a native, standalone installers for Windows and MacOS. This release has many small bugfixes and updates to the documentation.

This release has a new feature: it is now possible to make staves appear in a different order from the order that they were defined. This release has a couple of small bugfixes, and a new feature. This can be used to produce Ossia staves. The most visible improvement is in the PDF : this release will produce smaller PDF files, with symbols that look better on screen.

It also has support for "grid lines", bar like vertical line, which are aligned with the notes. More details are in the the Cambios file, or go straight to Descargas antiguas. Take a look at the Cambios file and Descargas antiguas. It has many small cleanups in the web-based documentation, and many small cleanups all over the place. This release features many small bugfixes. In addition, it has support for string number notation for guitar. This feature was sponsored by Gunther Strube. This release fixes a few minor but irritating errors.

A Fedora Core 3 binary is also available. This release has clean ups in the SVG output, and now uses the LilyPond number font for time signatures. It is now possible to add text before and after music. This can be used to add verses after a music. Take a look at the Cambios file and Descargas antiguas! It is now possible and in fact, encouraged , to build LilyPond either without the Kpathsea TeX library or with the Kpathsea dynamically loaded, but only for the -btex backend.

This means that packages do not have to depend on TeX anymore. With this, the Windows download size will go down significantly. Take a look at the Cambios file and download Descargas antiguas! This release backports the tieWaitForNote feature and has support for tetex You need to install Ghostscript 8. Unfortunately, this version of Ghostscript lacks the IJS dynamic library, which means that it will conflict with the gimp-print package. You may install it with —nodeps.

Use at your own risk. This release has Point and click support for PDF output. You can read more about it here. The big news is that this release supports TrueType fonts. El conjunto de caracteres usado para las presentaciones por RasMol con espaciado fijo y ancho de trazo de un solo pixel y espaciado proporcional y con cilindros de trazo de 2 pixeles se muestra en la siguiente muestra:.

La orden set hourglass on activa el indicador; mientras que set hourglass off impide a RasMol cambiar el cursor. Las etiquetas de monitor a distancia distance monitor labels pueden ser anuladas con la orden set monitors off , y restablecidas con la orden set monitors on.

Esta conducta se desactiva con la orden ' set picking none ' y se restaura con ' set picking ident '. Midiendo distancias, angulos y torsiones. Un valor de 0 distribuye la luz en el objeto entero. La orden de RasMol set shadow activa y desactiva el trazado de rayos de la imagen representada, lo que produce sombras. La orden de RasMol set solvent controla el comportamiento de la orden dots. Los haces de luces especulares aparecen como reflejos blancos de la fuente de luz sobre la superficie del objeto.

La orden set specular activa y desactiva estos haces de luces especulares. El valor inicial es 5. Por lo tanto, los modelos "ball and stick" son representados correctamente pero no los modelos de esferas spacefilling. Hay dos tipos de expresiones primitivas. Por ejemplo select 5,6,7,8 es lo mismo que select Esto permite expresiones complejas usando expresiones within anidadas.

Por ejemplo, la orden select within 3. Son los siguientes: His, Phe, Trp y Tyr. Los grupos predefinidos RasMol protein y nucleic diferencian entre los dos posibles ejes. De otra manera, utiliza el algoritmo DSSP como lo hace la orden structure. Normalmente contiene agua, cofactores y otros disolventes y ligandos. Este grupo es equivalente a las expresiones de RasMol " a,c,g,t " y " purine or pyrimidine ". Son las bases adenosina and guanosina A y G respetivamente.

De otra forma utiliza el algoritmo DSSP como lo hace la orden structure. Los grupos RasMol predefinidos protein y nucleic sirven para distinguir entre las dos formas de cadenas laterales. Por ejemplo, si escribe el rachivo ' gris. En el resto de los casos se dispone de 8 colores. Este esquema de color es parecido al esquema shapely.

Los valores altos se colorean en azul positivo y los mas bajos en rojo negativo. Este esquema no asigna a cada carga un valos fijo, si no que en base al mayor y menor valor de carga, interpola colores aproximadamente del azul al rojo. Por ello el verde no puede ser considerado como sin carga neta. La diferencia entre los esquemas ' charge ' y ' temperature ' es el orden de colores, el incremento de temperatura lleva del azul al rojo, mientras que el incremento de carga lleva del rojo al azul.

El esquema de color de RasMol cpk se basa en los colores de los populares modelos de bolas desarrollados por Corey, Pauling y mas tarde mejorado por Kultun. Cada una de las cadenas aparece como un espectro desde el azul al rojo pasando por el verde, el amarillo y el naranja.

Esta orden instruye a RasMol para usar solo residuos no hetero en la escala de colores de grupo. Los valores altos se colorean en azul y los mas bajos en rojo. Este esquema se basa en los "Shapely Models" de Bob Fletterick. Es parecido al esquema de color amino. La diferencia entre los esquemas de colores temperature y charge consiste en que los valores de temperatura que aumentan van desde el azul al rojo; mientras que los valores de carga en aumento del rojo al azul.

El esquema de colores user usuario de RasMol permite a este programa usar el esquema de colores almacenado en el archivo PDB. Este tipo de esquema de colores fue introducido por Belhadj-Mostefa y Milner-White. La base de datos Protein Data Bank is un archivo de datos de estructuras macromoleculares basado en ordenador. Los archivos PDB consisten en registros 80 caracteres cada uno. Usando el modelo de tarjeta perforada, las columnas 1 a 6 contienen un identificador del tipo de registro, las columnas 7 a 70 contienen datos.

La columna "fmt" indica el use del campo en los formatos diferentes formatos PDB, en los de y anteriores o el de y posteriores. Las grabaciones TER se interpretan como discontinuidades entre cadenas. RasMol visualiza todos los modelos NMR contenidos en el archivo. El nombre de residuo "D20" es considerado agua pesada "DOD".

Los registros CONECT que definen mas de un enlace se interpretan como especificadores del orden de enlace de ese enlace, i. El campo Mask se usa en el proceso de correspondencia como sigue. Los componentes rojo, verde y azul deben estar en el rango de 0 a 1. RasMol puede aceptar datos de cualquier de los dos formatos. Molecular Graphics Programs.

Richardson and Jane S. Huang, Eric F. Pettersen, Teri E. Klein, Thomas E. Molecular Biology Algorithms. Iijima, J. Dunbar Jr. Foley, A. Feiner and J. Cleary and G. Bernstein et al. Nourse, W. Douglas Hounshell, Ann K. Gushurst, David L. Grier, Burton A.


Bourne et al. Actualizao 21 de Abril de Herbert J. See Source Code and Binaries for more. RasMol 2. Rojo anaranjado RedOrange. Amarillo pastel YellowTint. Rojo brillante Bright Red. Amarillo Yellow. Naranja Orange. Azul medio Mid Blue. Gris claro Light Grey. Gris oscuro Dark Grey. Azul celeste Sky Blue. Amarillo dorado Golden Rod. Rosa intenso Deep Pink. Rojo ladrillo Fire Brick. Verde bosque Forest Green. Li 3 FB. Be 4 DP. Ne 10 DP. Na 11 Bl. Mg 12 FG. Al 13 DG. Ar 18 DP.

K 19 DP. Ca 20 DG. Sc 21 DP. Ti 22 DG. V 23 DP. Cr 24 DG. Mn 25 DG. Co 27 DP. Ni 28 Br. Cu 29 Br. Zn 30 Br. Ga 31 DP. Ge 32 DP. As 33 DP. Se 34 DP. Br 35 Br. Kr 36 DP. Rb 37 DP. Sr 38 DP. Y 39 DP. Zr 40 DP. Nb 41 DP. Mo 42 DP. Tc 43 DP. Ru 44 DP. Rh 45 DP. Pd 46 DP. Ag 47 DG. Cd 48 DP. In 49 DP. Sn 50 DP. Sb 51 DP. Te 52 DP. Xe 54 DP. Cs 55 DP. La 57 DP. Hf 72 DP. Ta 73 DP. W 74 DP. Re 75 DP.

Os 76 DP. Ir 77 DP. Pt 78 DP. Hg 80 DP. Tl 81 DP. Pb 82 DP. Bi 83 DP. Po 84 DP. At 85 DP. Rn 86 DP.